Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the hottest topic that is taking the world by storm currently. The first task which is now known as AI is the formal design created by McCullouch and Pitts in 1943 for Turing-complete “artificial neurons”. The first workshop for the research of AI was created in 1956 at Dartmouth College by Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky and Arthur Samuel. They later became the creators and the leaders in the field of AI research. AI is a field of computer science that focuses on the creation of machines with intelligence similar to that of humans. It is also referred as machine intelligence. With the help of artificial intelligence, machines will be able to perform the actions of human beings. It can also be called as the ‘brain’ of machines.
Machine Learning is the most trending topic in the field of Artificial Intelligence. The term ‘Machine Learning’ was first used by Arthur Samuel in 1959. It focuses on providing the machines with various components of human intelligence such as learning, problem solving, use of languages, perception and reasoning. Human Beings learn from their mistakes and adapt to any provided situation. Machine learning will allow the machines to do the same. Machines learning uses various techniques to provides the machines with an ability to learn. The process of learning is done by analysing data from different sources using various algorithms provided which will help the machines to adapt to various situations and make predictions as well. There are various areas of machine learning such as speech recognition, image recognition, natural language processing etc. The research on machine learning is possible due to the large volume of data that is generated everyday and cloud computing which provides huge computation power. The development of machine learning is progressing at an extraordinary pace and it will keep growing each and every year. Robotics is the field where AI is used mostly. The development of AI will bring the advancement in robotics as well. In robotics, AI is used to control the mechanical parts which consists of various sensors such as motion sensor, ultrasonic sensor etc. In Nepal, there are various companies working in the field of AI Robotics. For the purchase of robotic parts and sensors in Nepal, Himalayan Solution can be the best option because they have huge stock of goods and offer cheap price. The other sectors that will be most benefited by the development of machine learning are health care, transportation, financial sectors as well as manufacturing.
Artificial Intelligence has progressed a lot in the recent years but it still has a great distance to cover to be compared with the human intelligence. AI is the future and hope that the day will come soon when machines will be comparable to human beings.